Cimmerians, Scythians and the “Lost” Tribes of Israel–Part Three (Resources & Notes)

[Note:  Some present-day Armenians claim a connection to the legend of Heyk or Hayk, who was regarded as a son of Togram (biblical Togarmah), who was a grandson of Japheth.]

[Note:  A relatively common listing for the sons of Togarma is as follows:  Kozar (Khazars), Pacinak (Pechenegs), Aliqanosz (Alans), Bulgar (Bulgars), Ragbiga (Ranbona), Turqi (Kökturks?), Buz (Oghuz), Zabuk, Ungari (Hungarians or Oghurs), and Tilmac (Tauri).]

[Note:  In the Russian Primary Chronicle (Tale of Bygone Years) it speaks of the Tower of Babel and how the Slavs are descendants of Japheth.  It was traditionally attributed to the monk Nestor, but is considered today to be a composite work.]

[Note:  “From the early fifteenth century, then in the face of competing—the Timurids, and the Akkoyunlu (‘White Sheep’) Turcoman tribal confederation which had moved west after the wave of migration which brought Osman’s clan—the Ottomans were furnished with the Central Asian descent from the Turkic Oğuz tribe and their illustrious ancestor the Prophet Noah, who was said to have given the East to his son Japheth” (Osman’s Dream, The History of the Ottoman Empire, by Caroline Finkel, Basic Books, 2005, pg. 12.)

[Note:  Talmudic sources and information contained within the Midrash propose that the “land of Magog” may have been in the area of ancient Kermania and Baluchistan, what today are southern Iran, southern Afghanistan and southern Pakistan as far as the Indus River.  An ancient Sakastana (“land of the Scythian”) in this region may explain Josephus’ comment that the Magogites were Scythians. Some place the origin of the Scythians in the region of the Araxes River.]

[Note:  Historically it appears the Greeks generalized the name “Scythian” to represent several tribal groupings living in Central Asia, Asia Minor and the Near East (the Balkan region). The Phrygians who founded Colossae, and the Daci, Tibarenoi (Tubal), Moschoi (Meshech), Bithynians, Thracians (Tiras), Paphlagonians (perhaps Riphath), Messagetae, Getae (Scyth), Chalcedonies and even the Trojans have all been considered to be “Scythae.” Sometimes the term “Scythian” was inappropriately applied to the Mongols.]

[Note:  The church of God did not begin on the Day of Pentecost.  The church is defined by the “called” of each respective generation and it began with the ministry of Jesus and the call of his disciples and those who heard his message.  On the Day of Pentecost the holy spirit was given as foretold by Jesus, and in regard to the specific mission of the apostles it has come to represent in part the bestowing of languages for the purpose of preaching the gospel to the twelve tribes scattered abroad respective to Jerusalem.

However a common misunderstanding is that the miracle was also in the hearing of the languages as well as in the speaking of the languages, regardless of which language the apostles were speaking at the time.  This conclusion is problematic because Scripture states that each person heard the apostles speak their particular language “wherein we were born?” (Acts 2:8.)  Thus each person heard his own language when “each” apostle spoke: “in our proper dialect, in which we were born?” (YLT).]

[Note:  Some translations render Ezekiel 38:2-3 as: “Son of man, set thy face unto Gog, of the land of Magog, prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy concerning him, and thou hast said:  Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Lo, I am against thee, O Gog, Prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal (ASV).” This translation implies a people called “Rosh,” and thereby some incorrectly think Scripture is addressing the ancient “Rus” who gave this title to the Russians.  However “Rus” is the name of the Varangians, a Scandinavian peoples whose leader Rurik started the Rurikid dynasty. The Authorized Version states it correctly as “chief” prince.]

[Note:  It would be inappropriate to apply Ezekiel’s prophecy to any particular nation today in the hope of determining who Gog will be in the future, especially if the events surrounding this individual and peoples will occur 1000 years after the beginning of Jesus’ reign.]    (Cimmerians, Scythians and the “Lost” Tribes of Israel–Part Three)